Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the largest city in Malaysia. Malaysians fondly refer to the city as KL. Kuala Lumpur is located inland, at the confluence of Klang and Gombak River.
Kuala Lumpur has its origins in the 1850s, when the Malay Chief of Klang sent some Chinese upriver to open new and larger tin mines. They landed at the confluence of Sungai Gombak (previously known as Sungai Lumpur, which means Muddy River) and Sungai Klang (Klang River), and hence derived the name Kuala Lumpur which literally means muddy estuary in Bahasa Malaysia, to open mines at Ampang. Later, tin mines were opened at Pudu and Batu.
Kuala Lumpur has a year-round equatorial climate which is warm and sunny, along with plentiful rainfall, especially during the southwest monsoon from September to April.
Kuala Lumpur is a hub for cultural activities and events. Among the centres is the National Museum which is situated along the Mahameru Highway. It offers various types of collection such as artifacts and paintings collected throughout the country.
With so many different cultures mixing together, the nightlife is anything but dull in Kuala Lumpur. Although Malaysia is a Muslim country, alcohol is freely available in the capital and the nightlife is one of the liveliest in Asia. Traditional nightlife for many locals still involves a visit to a bustling pasar malam (night market), where the focus is as much on socialising and people watching as it is on shopping, savouring the excellent hawker food and quaffing ice-cold beer. The Saturday market on Jalan Raja Muda is the highlight, although Jalan Petaling in Chinatown nightly closes itself to traffic and is still a local favourite.